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Through Naples, Florence and Milan

The road that crossed the Apennines ridge, very important during the Lombard and Frankish rule as well, after the foundation of the Kingdom of Sicily became the principal one. During the Angevin rule (thanks to the relations between this dynasty and Florence) and the Aragonese one (when the most important relations were with Lombardia) the road became fundamental for the whole peninsula. From the 13th century until the 16th century the areas crossed by this thoroughfare quickly improved: L’Aquila, Popoli, Sulmona, Castel di Sangro but also the mountain villages, that enjoyed the sheep industry yet. A contact was created between the raw material or wool and the big market and the manufacturing places for finished goods in the North-central Italy.
Bankers, Tuscan merchants and men of culture travelled through Abruzzi. Giovanni Boccaccio often arrived in Sulmona, where a group of friends and correspondents of Francesco Petrarca lived. From the 15th century to the 17th century the presence of Lombard people grew stronger: they were artisans doing stone, wood, wrought iron and stucco works and they arrived in Abruzzi in 1456 after the earthquake. Their settlement in Pescocostanzo was very important and till today we can find artisan traditions and the Ambrosian rite of the baptism.

The analysis of the relations between Majella and the big cities remote from Abruzzi helps us to understand better the ups and downs of some personages who were born in these villages and acquired a good position in the Italian cultural history. In particular: Marino da Caramanico, a jurist who studied in Bologna and in the second half of the 13th century became popular to the Angevin court of Naples for his theory of a nation state without the imperial power; during the 15th century Nicola da Guardiagrele studied, in all probability in Florence, associating with Lorenzo Ghiberti and became the supreme master in embossed works.

Image of pastoralism in the Park
Image of Pescocostanzo
Image of goldsmith in Pescocostanzo
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