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Agricultural landscape

In the Majella area, agriculture began between the sixth and the seventh millennium BC, as in the rest of the Abruzzo territory.
The transition from the hunter-gatherer man to the farmer man initiated one of the greatest revolutions in the history of mankind. From that moment on, man has started to control the territory and to modify the environment according to his needs.

In the past there have been different expansion stages of human activities, with the “construction” of an agricultural landscape which still holds testimonies of past eras also in its contemporary display. Great surfaces often are characterized by impressive stone piles, resulting from the long and hard work of removal from the fields. The traditional architectonic structures, like small dry stone walls and stone huts skilfully built by man to support his activities, mark the territory like knots in a net.

In the Park the morphologic complexity of the territory has determined a development of the agricultural landscape with a lot of different and various forms. In the valley bottom there's a dynamic agriculture which is characterized by the presence of vineyards and vegetable gardens with interesting water managing systems. In the hill areas, the olive trees cultivation predominates, while in the Greater Plateaus vast surfaces cultivated with cereals alternate with pasture fields. Farming has been the main activity in the inland areas for centuries and has determined the establishing of secondary grasslands, mainly in piedmont areas and on the sides exposed to the southern quadrants.

In the territory of the Park, agriculture and farming have been carried on with a work organization that evolved but always remained linked to the natural elements of the zone. Those traditional activities have produced a remarkable increase of biodiversity, through the creation of secondary habitats, to which numerous rare species of flora and fauna are linked.

The agricultural landscape of the Park, outcome of the millenary human presence, constitute a very valuable element in regard to historical, naturalistic, aesthetic, recreational and touristic aspects, and represents an important system, which can perpetuate and promote a responsible economy, consistent with the needs of the environment and the growing demand of “life quality”.

Image of meadows in the Park
Image of ears of corn
Image of vineyards
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