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Woods cover an area of the Park which corresponds to 39% of the entire protected area.

They are very important in terms of ecology because they are plant formations with the most evolved structure and, until a specific altitude, they represent the most untouched areas.

The temperate deciduous forest dominates in the Park and consists of two main types:

  • broadleaf mixed forests of the sub-Mediterranean zone, where the Downy Oak, the Hop Hornbeam and the Turkey Oak dominate. They are located in the hilly and sub mountainous areas, from the lower altitudes to about 1000 m
  • beech forests, which are the widest woody formations in the Park and are located in the mountainous area between 800-900 m and 1800 m.

These habitats represent a refuge but also a feeding area for many species from the Wolf, whose reproductive packs build their den within these habitats, to the elusive Wildcat and to the Pine Marten, which usually lives in mature and rich in prays woods.

Among the birds we find species like the Northern Goshawk and the European Honey Buzzard, which build their big nests in the beech woods, but also the White-backed Woodpecker and the Collared Flycatcher, which feed in the old woods rich in marcescent trees.

Evergreen plants, among the natural formations, are represented by the rare forests of the native European Black Pine, which are located in some rocky areas, and by the forests of Holm Oak, which grow on the steep slopes of the lower altitudes. In autumn these formations represent an important trophic source for many species of wild mammals of the Park, among which also the Marsican Brown Bear. The reforestations with conifers are wide, especially with the European Black Pine but also with exotic species, which must be gradually eliminated and replaced with species more adapting to the ecological and phytogeographical characteristics of the area.

The Park adopts a forest management that aims to improve the structure and the function of the woods, and specific actions whose purpose is not only the prevision, the prevention and the fight against fire, but also the conservation and the diffusion of rare species.          

Image of a wolf
Image of beech forests to Fondo Majella
Image of Salamander
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