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The flora of the Park

The flora of Majella National Park is characterized byn outstanding richness.

The surveyed entities (including both species and subspecies) amount to more than 2100, representing more than the 65% of the flora of the entire Abruzzo, almost the 30% of the whole Italian flora as well as the 17% of the European one.

Furthermore, the Park's floristic asset is remarkablle also for its distinctiveness. Endemisms amount to 142 and, among these, 5 can exclusively be found within the Protected Area: the Majella soldanella and the Majella cornflower, symbols of the Park's botanical gardens, the Fiori's butterwort, the Majella hawksbeard, the Majella buttercup.

Image of the flora of Abruzzo

The importance under the floristc point of view is testified, moreover, by the epithet “magellense”, referring to the geographical name of the massif (Maiella) and recurring in the official denominations of the Italian floristic species: Galium magellense, Armeria majellensis, Cynoglossum magellense, Erysimum majellense, and so on.

More than 50 entities have here their “locus classicus”, having been described for the very first time on these mountains.

Of considerable floristic interest are the relict species which had a much greater diffusion in ancient times. Among the tertiary relicts, constituing the so called “laurifille” vegetation some tens of millions of years ago, the taxus and the European holly as well as the spurge-laurel have to be mentioned.

The glacial relicts, which had a great spread during the quaternary glaciations, are now represented by the dwarf poppy, capillary sedge, the elyna, mountain avens, Alpine aster and so on, especially at high altitudes.

Another well represented geographical element, especially at the high altitudes, is the balchanic one. Numerous are those species distributed on both sides of the Adriatic sea, among them the Apennine edelweiss, the “genziana dinarica” (gentian), il Apennine juniper and so on are worth mentioning.

The exceptional value of the Park's floristic asset derives from the presence of plenty rare species worth of legal protecion: almost 300 are the entities included within the Red Lists  of threatened species or safeguarded by means of laws as well as of international conventions.

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