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Apennine chamois

Image of the Apennine chamois

During the summer months, many herds of Apennine chamois populate the highest and rugged peaks of Majella National Park, particularly the area of Mount Acquaviva and Murelle summit. After twenty years from the reintroduction these herds exceed the number of 700 individuals,  thus representing one of the largest and healthiest populations of this endemic subspecies of the central Apennines. The number of births that have been counted during the summer census - normally in the month of July, when the females with their cubs get together to form numerous flocks - is constantly increasing: in 2012 more than 200 cubs have been spotted, born between the end of April and the beginning of June.

The increasing number of individuals and herds within the Park’s territory has led to an expansion towards other areas such as the Orfento Valley and the Cannella Valley, where since some years a number of reproductive herds with females and young chamois have established, joined up – during the mating season – by males.

In recent years, the process of colonization of other massifs of the Park has began, affecting more distant areas such as Mount Porrara, Mount Morrone or other mounts where currently several chamois are living, particularly young males in the dispersion phase.

During the winter, the herds move from the summery and autumn areas towards places more suitable to pass the wintry season, it is to say the long and wild valleys in the eastern slopes of the Majella massif: the Serviera Valley, the Fara San Martino Valley and the Pennapiedimonte Valley.
In this period, especially groups of females with cubs prefer steep rocky slopes  with a favorable exposure to the sun and less snow, it is to say the places with the greater possibilities of finding food and shelter from the harshness of the cold

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