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Eneolithic

During the Eneolithic or Cupper Age (between 4300 and 2000 b.C.) come the population that, from different zones of Mediterranenan Sea, imported in this Region the real sheep farming. The first evidences in our territory it can be found in the “Grotta dei Piccioni” (Pigeons Cave), in “Fonte d’Amore” (Love Fountain), next to Sulmona and in the locality of Busciara, near to Pacentro.

The Eneolithic Age doesn’t clearly tell from its following one, known as “Bronze”. The first one reaches the 1000 b.C. and very often, the evidences are confused with those relating to the second one. In several places (Tocco da Casauria, Bolognano, Caramanico, Serramonacesca, Pretoro, Rapino, Pennapiedimonte, Fara San Martino, Rivisondoli, Pacentro) can be found ceramic handicrafts and, at times, bronze ones: swords, axes, daggers, points of lances and small idols. The black paintings on rocks and inside the caves are very spread. A village covers the whole Bronze Age reaching the beginnings of Iron Age (Xth-XIth Centuries b.C.). It has been discovered at the edges of Majella National Park territory, in the locality of Madonna degli Angeli, Municipality of Tocco da Casauria. There are materials coming from Lazio and a stele with a clear worship meaning.

From the Late Bronze Age the sheep farming became predominant, keeping to feature the following Iron Age (1000 – 550 a.C.). In this period grew the so-called "Apennine Civilization", concentrated in the ideal habitat for its kind of economy, the ridge of a big mountain range. The Iron Age is well-represented by Italico: one of the Indo-European progenies coming from Central-Northern Europe to Italy.

Image of Orta's Valley from the "Grotta Oscura"
Image of the skeleton of the "Grotta dei Piccioni"
Image of the cave paintings of Morrone
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